GOROKA Show,PAPUA NEW GUINEA By Jimmy Nelson
Goroka is the capital of the Eastern Highlands Province of Papua New Guinea. Though only discovered in the beginning of the 20th century it is now host of a major tourist attraction, the Goroka show. The renowned Goroka Show is a three-day event that takes place annually around the time of the country’s Independence Day (September 16). Dating back to 1957, it is the oldest tribal gathering in Papua New Guinea. Over 100 tribes from the region show their music, dance and culture.
MISTY MOUNT LALIBU
As divers as the nature of Papua New Guinea is, as divers are its inhabitants. The tribes have an extraordinary and rich oral tradition, including myths, folk tales, magical sayings and charms. Their material culture is limited to the indispensable things of daily life. However, they do cherish the modest luxury of body ornaments.
FRIEND OR FOE
Eastern Highlanders are considered the friendliest people of the highlands with fewer tribal fights than other provinces. Territorial conflicts arise not only with other tribes. Also western colonialism, mining and the advancing developing world threatens their culture. The territory of villages and tribes – the land they lived on and that provided them with food and shelter for thousands of years – is something the highlanders have always defended with their lives. A threat from any foreigner will make them feel forced to fight back.
BIRD OF PARADISE
The tribes from the highlands supply the tribes from the valley with decorative bird feathers, tree kangaroo and cuscus pelts and fine rare woods that have long since disappeared from the valley. The valley people tend to decorate their bodies more than highlanders.
The staging of the Goroka Show started back in 1957 at the Independence
Park opposite the Goroka Main Market. It was first introduced and
organized by Australian Kiaps (patrol officers). Kiaps from each district
built round houses typical of their districts and proudly displayed their
cultures. The kiaps brought in singsing groups from their area.
It began as an entertainment weekend for everybody in the Province, but
it was also a competition to see which was the best organized and
KUI EAST WIGMEN, MOUNT HAGEN
Mount Hagen in the western highlands also hosts a large scale cultural event. Various regional, provincial, even national tribal dance groups gather to celebrate their cultural heritage in the form of sing-sing. Its near the Baiyer District which hosts the biggest collection of birds and wildlife in Papua New Guinea, the Baiyer River Bird Sanctuary. Traditional culture and beliefs remain strong in Mount Hagen and its surroundings.
Lufa is a town in the Eastern highlands at the foot of Mount Michel with a population under 1000. Their tradition and culture has over decades strongly been influenced by western society from evangelist missionaries to facebook, but traditions and customs remain strong.
SEE AND BE SEEN
The annually Goroka Show is a display of the traditional dress, dance and music from the divers tribes Papua New Guinea inhabits. The biggest and most well-known tribes are the Huli Wigmen and Asaro Mudmen. Tribes smaller in population and lower in rank, but no less creative in body decorations are:
Kunana Su Wigmen, Kikuwya Wigmen, Wara Sua Group, Lufar Wigmen, Gahuku wigmen, Finchafen Group, Sobi Lau Waimo Group, Aipos Group, Wombun Group, Kamanibit Group, Arua Group
The highlanders universe is filled with all kinds of spirits, some more personal in character than others. Particular reverence is paid to ancestral spirits. In times of trouble, domesticated pigs are sacrificed to the spirits of the ancestors.