Monthly Archives: June 2013

Другие русские | STENA.ee

Другие русские | STENA.ee.

В этнической истории русских особое место занимают старожилы Сибири и Дальнего Востока. С 17 века казаки, беглецы от крепостной неволи или просто охочие до новых мест удальцы оседали по берегам великих сибирских рек. Женились на местных женщинах – своих было очень мало, перенимали у туземцев отдельные способы ведения хозяйства, некоторые обычаи. При этом, будучи оторванными от большей части русского народа, они сохранили многие древние пласты культуры, которые в Средней России забылись.

«Русские обитают в с. Маркове и близ него. Марковцы, это потомки первых завоевателей Анадырского края, казаков, оставшихся здесь на постоянное жительство. Северные казаки, вступая в браки с инородческими женщинами, имели детей с примесью инородческого типа, который, переходя из рода в род, сделал марковца трудно отличаемым по лицу от чукчи и других инородцев. Но, утратив русский тип, марковец вполне сохранил язык своих предков, их веру и обычаи; сохранил он старинные русские песни, сказки и пословицы. Живя в течение двух веков в дебрях анадырской тундры, не имея никакого сообщения с матушкой Россией, зная о ней только по темным слухам, Марковец поет те же песни, которые поет весь русский народ», – писал о марковских жителях Антон Павлович Сильницкий, чиновник канцелярии Приамурского генерал-губернатора в 1897 г.

Основные общности старожилов на Северо-Востоке: вышеупомянутые марковцы (Чукотка), камчадалы (побережье Магаданской области, Камчатка), походчане (устье Колымы) русскоустьинцы (устье Индигирки).

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Himba,Namibia by Jimmy Nelson

BEFORE THEY PASS AWAY.

Himba,Namibia by Jimmy Nelson
The Himba are an ancient tribe of tall, slender and statuesque herders. Since the 16th century they have lived in scattered settlements, leading a life that has remained unchanged, surviving war and droughts. The tribal structure helps them live in one of the most extreme environments on earth.“Don’t start your farming with cattle, start it with people”Each member belongs to two clans, through the father and the mother. Marriages are arranged with a view to spreading wealth. Looks are vital, it tells everything about one’s place within the group and phase of life. The headman, normally a grandfather, is responsible for the rules of the tribe.

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Categories: Africa | Tags: | 1 Comment

MUSTANG,NEPAL by Jimmy Nelson

BEFORE THEY PASS AWAY.

MUSTANG,NEPAL by Jimmy Nelson
The former kingdom of Lo is linked by religion, culture and history to Tibet, but is politically part of Nepal. Now Tibetan culture is in danger of disappearing, it stands alone as one of the last truly Tibetan cultures existing today. Until 1991 no outsiders were allowed to enter Mustang.“The one who is guilty has the higher voice”The traditions of the people of Lo are closely related to early Buddhism. Most still believe that the world is flat. They are highly religious, prayers and festivals are an integral part of their lives. The grandeur of the monasteries illustrates the prominent position of religion.

CHELE VILLAGE, UPPER MUSTANG
May 2011

The ‘Land of Lo’, as it is known to its 7,000 inhabitants, occupies a mere
2,000 square kilometres in the upper valley of the Kali Ghandaki River,
which flows straight from north to south. Routes parallel to the river
once served as a major trade route. Salt from the vast lakes deep inside
Tibet and wool from mountain yaks were traded for grain and spices
from India. Mustang in particular was a thoroughfare for this immensely
important trade, providing the surplus that enabled the construction
of large monasteries and the creation of stunning works of art,
particularly from the late 14th to the 17th centuries. At the end of the
18th century, the kingdom was annexed by Nepal. Continue reading

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Drokpa tribe by Jimmy Nelson

BEFORE THEY PASS AWAY.

Drokpa tribe by Jimmy Nelson

Around 2,500 Drokpas live in three small villages in a disputed territory between India and Pakistan. The only fertile valley of Ladakh. The Drokpas are completely different– physically, culturally, linguistically and socially – from the Tibeto-Burman inhabitants of most of Ladakh.“Boast during the day, be humble at night”For centuries, the Drokpas have been indulging in public kissing and wife-swapping without inhibitions. Their cultural exuberance is reflected in exquisite dresses and ornaments. Their main sources of income are products from the well-tended vegetable gardens.

BISATI IN DHA VILLAGE, KASHMIR
February 2012

Around 2,500 Drokpas live in three small villages in the Dha-Hanu valley
of Ladakh, which is situated in Jammu and Kashmir, a disputed territory
between India and Pakistan.

The valley lies 163 kilometres south-west of Leh, the capital of the former
Himalayan kingdom of Ladakh. Continue reading

Categories: Индия | Tags: | 1 Comment

KOROWAI TRIBE, INDONESIA,PAPUA By Jimmy Nelson

BEFORE THEY PASS AWAY.
KOROWAI TRIBE,
INDONESIA,PAPUA By Jimmy Nelson
South of the Jayawijaya mountain range of Papua Indonesiais a large area of lowland. The area accommodates a myriad of rivers forming swamps, wetlands and mangrove forests. It’s the habitat of the Korowai, a tribe that until the early 1970s, believed that they were the only humans on earth.
The Korowai are one of the few Papuan tribes that do not wear the Koteka, a penis gourd. Instead, the men ‘hide’ their penises in their scrotums, to which a leaf is then tightly tied. They are hunter-gatherers, living in tree houses. They adhere to strict separatism between men and women.

MABUL VILLAGE, DEKAI REGION, SOUTHERN PAPUA
August 2010

Both Dani and Yali build round or oval huts made out of straw and wood,
with thick thatched roofs. Dani and Yali men, women and children sleep
separately in different huts (honai). While the Korowai live in tree
houses, they also adhere to strict separatism between men and women.

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YALI TRIBE, INDONESIA,PAPUA By Jimmy Nelson

BEFORE THEY PASS AWAY.

YALI TRIBE,

INDONESIA,PAPUA By Jimmy Nelson
One of the tribes inhabiting the Baliem Valley region, in the midst of the Jayawijaya mountain range of Papua Indonesia, is the Yali ‘Lords of the Earth’. They live in the virgin forests of the highlands. The Yali are officially recognised as pygmies, with men standing at just 150 cm tall. “If the hand does nothing, the mouth does not chew”Papuan tribes, different in appearance and language, have a similar way of life. They are all polygamist and conduct rituals for important occasions at which reciprocal exchange of gifts is obligated. The Koketa, penis gourd, is a piece of traditional clothing used to distinguish tribal identity.

WOLO VALLEY, SUNGAI BALIEM, PAPUA INDONESIA
August 2010

Two of the tribes inhabiting the Baliem Valley region are the Dani in the
actual valley and the Yali (‘Lords of the Earth’) in the virgin forests of the
highlands. Though ‘neighbours’, each tribe has a distinct language and
culture. Physically, the Yali are remarkably smaller than the Dani. With
men standing at just 150cm tall, the Yali are officially recognised as pygmies.

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DANI tribe INDONESIA,PAPUA By Jimmy Nelson

BEFORE THEY PASS AWAY.

DANI tribe

INDONESIA,PAPUA By Jimmy Nelson

Baliem Valley is situated 1600 metres above sea level in the midst of the Jayawijaya mountain range of Papua Indonesia. The Dani live in the actual valley. They are farmers and use an efficient irrigation system. Archaeological finds prove that the valley has been farmed for 9,000 years.“If the hand does nothing, the mouth does not chew”The Dani often had to fight for their territory against different villages or other tribes. That’s why they have been called the most dreaded head- hunting tribe of Papua. This is remarkable considering the fact that they did not eat their enemies, like the majority of other Papuan tribes did.

BALIEM VALLEY FESTIVAL, PAPUA INDONESIA
August 2010

The Dani, Yali and Korowai universe is filled with all kinds of spirits, some
more personal in character than others. Particular reverence is paid to
ancestral spirits. In times of trouble, domesticated pigs are sacrificed to
the spirits of the ancestors. The tribes have an extraordinary and rich oral
tradition, including myths, folk tales, magical sayings and charms. Continue reading

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GOROKA Show,PAPUA NEW GUINEA By Jimmy Nelson

BEFORE THEY PASS AWAY.

GOROKA Show,PAPUA NEW GUINEA By Jimmy Nelson

Goroka is the capital of the Eastern Highlands Province of Papua New Guinea. Though only discovered in the beginning of the 20th century it is now host of a major tourist attraction, the Goroka show. The renowned Goroka Show is a three-day event that takes place annually around the time of the country’s Independence Day (September 16). Dating back to 1957, it is the oldest tribal gathering in Papua New Guinea. Over 100 tribes from the region show their music, dance and culture. Continue reading

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KALAM TRIBE,PAPUA NEW GUINEA By Jimmy Nelson

BEFORE THEY PASS AWAY.KALAM TRIBE,PAPUA NEW GUINEA

By Jimmy Nelson

The eastern half of New Guinea gained full independence from Australia in 1975, when Papua New Guinea was born. The indigenous population is one of the most heterogeneous in the world. Traditionally, the different tribes scattered across the highland plateau, live in small agrarian clans.
The first visitors were impressed to find valleys of carefully planned gardens and irrigation ditches. The women of the tribes are exceptional farmers. The men hunt and fight other tribes over land, pigs and women. Great effort is made to impress the enemy with terrifying masks, wigs and paint.

RAINBOW OVER SIMBAI
2010

Nested high in the mountains Simbai is a village that is unreachable except
by prop plane. It takes days walking through the bush through steep mud
slick hills. With no roads, it is easy to get lost.

This has kept the culture strong and rich and from assimilating to the rest
of the world. Simbai really is like stepping back in time. Continue reading

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ASARO TRIBE,PAPUA NEW GUINEA By Jimmy Nelson

BEFORE THEY PASS AWAY.

ASARO TRIBE,PAPUA NEW GUINEA
By Jimmy Nelson

A number of different tribes have lived scattered across the highland plateau for 1000 years, in small agrarian clans, isolated by the harsh terrain and divided by language, custom and tradition. The legendary Asaro Mudmen first met with the Western world in the middle of the 20th century.
“Knowledge is only rumour until it is in the muscle”
Legend has it that the Mudmen were forced to flee from an enemy into the Asaro River where they waited until dusk to escape. The enemy saw them rise from the banks covered in mud and thought they were spirits. The Asaro still apply mud and masks to keep the illusion alive and terrify other tribes.

ASARO FROM THE EASTERN HIGHLANDS
2010

The mudmen could not cover their faces with mud because the
people of Papua New Guinea thought that the mud from the Asaro
river was poisonous. So instead of covering their faces with this alleged
poison, they made masks from pebbles that they heated and water
from the waterfall, with unusual designs such as long or very short
ears either going down to the chin or sticking up at the top,
long joined eyebrows attached to the top of the ears, horns and
sideways mouths. Continue reading

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