Indigenous Ecology: breathe, although not notéis.
“We call urihi nature, our land, our forest. We know you’re alive and that is a long life, much more than us. Thanks to Maxitari (the breath of the spirit of the earth) the forest is beautiful, the rain falls on it and always windy. Breathe, although not notéis ” Davi Kopenawa, Yanomami, Brazil.
“Tsi Yunwiyah. I am Cherokee. In the language of my people, ani yunwiyah, or Cherokee, as we call it, there is a word for earth: Eloheh, a term that also means “history”, “culture” and “religion.” Declaration Cherokee, United States.
In general, indigenous peoples have a holistic view of nature and human beings considered an integral part of the earth, not something alien to it. According to this idea, the land is fertile and alive entity that has an intrinsic value, and not utilitarian can not be a passive and inanimate matter that should be exploited for trade expansion and economic progress. The land for the Indians is not a beautiful landscape or a place to escape the weekend. ‘s your pantry, your guide, your source of life.
“The environment is not separate from us, we are in it, as it is within us, we create and we create.” Davi Kopenawa, Yanomami, Brazil.
At a time of global ecological crisis, it would be wise to listen to their views.
“We did not think that the great open plains, the beautiful rolling hills and winding streams with tangled vegetation were wild. only the white man was nature a ‘wild wilderness “and only to him the land was infested with wild animals and people wild. For us it was tame ” Luther standing bear (bear standing), Oglala Lakota Sioux.
“Tsi Yunwiyah. I am Cherokee. In the language of my people, ani yunwiyah, or Cherokee, as we call it,there is a word for earth: Eloheh, a term which also means ‘story’, ‘culture’ and ‘religion’ . We can not separate our place in the land of our lives and of our vision and meaning as a people. We are taught from childhood that animals, and even trees and plants with which we share space, are our brothers and sisters. So when we speak of the earth, we do not refer to a property or land, not even talking about a piece of land on which we set our houses or we plant our crops. really is something sacred. Is there any people from all over the world who do not revere their homeland? Is there any human being who does not respect their homeland, even if it does not go back to it? thought that this reverence for ancestral lands, no matter how insignificant they may seem to our daily lives, or the distance which are our homes, it is vital for all mankind “ Declaration Cherokee, United States.
The food is always considered a gift of the earth that should never be taken for granted, so humility is essential . The delicate balance between man and nature has persisted for millennia due solely to a respect for its limits . Prudence, responsibility and reciprocity are therefore necessary requirements. It was not always so, even though we have the idea of a golden age in the past in which humans and animals lived together in peace and harmony, this knowledge of respect for nature have been shaped precisely by bad experiences in the past. Various remaining vestiges of ancient civilizations and landscapes that were devastated by break these limits and exploit nature: Easter Island, the city of Petra, the Anasazi of Chaco … And millions of species took with them to extinction: glyptodonts, moas , eagles colossal … But we have the advantage of being able to read and learn about the ecological disasters of the past. ” However, the past remains a golden age of ignorance and this iron age of the most obstinate blindness. “ Jared Diamond.
“At the end of the day, we are here for the foresight of our fathers, and we have the obligation to have regard for those who are not yet born” Mike Koostachin, create, Canada.
“In our way of life, in our government, in every decision we make, we always think of the seventh generation to come. Our job is to ensure that those who come after, generations yet unborn, a world worse are not than ours (and hopefully better). When walking on Mother Earth, and stayed long feet carefully because we know the faces offuture generations look at us from below. never forget them “ (Oren Lyons, Onondaga, 1990).
” Nobody can tell me how to live. If I were the minister and say “leave your house” think I’m crazy “Bushman Botswana.
“Not that the Yanomami do not want progress or other things that white people have. thing they want is to choose and that change is not thrust upon them , whether they want it or not. I’m not saying that I’m against progress. I think it’s very positive when whites come to work among the Yanomami, to teach reading and writing, and plant and use medicinal plants. For us, this is progress.What we do not want are the mining companies that destroy the forest, or the miners who bring many diseases. These targets must respect our Yanomami land. The miners bring guns, alcohol and prostitution and destroy all nature wherever they go. For us, this is not progress. want progress without destruction. “ Davi Kopenawa, Yanomami leader and shaman.
Indigenous peoples have, generally, a very small footprint , as they have practiced sustainable livelihoods for thousands of years, yet are more vulnerable than anyone on the planet from climate change, and support most of mitigation measures, such as biofuels, hydroelectric dams and conservation projects.
Most indigenous peoples have developed a very deep knowledge of their environment, and observed minimal changes in their ecosystems.
These are some of the observations of indigenous peoples:
-The Inuit hunters of northwest Canada report on dwindling sea ice , shorter winters and hotter summers , changes in permafrost (permafrost) and sea level rise , sighting s northern birds found only in the south, less snow during the coldest months of the year and fewer mosquitoes in summer.
– “You can not rely on traditional skills to read the weather “ , says Veikko Magga, Saami. “In the old days one could know in advance what time would.These signs and abilities no longer apply “ .
” The Arctic is considered the barometer of the health of the planet . If you want to see how healthy the planet, come and hold him in the pulse in the Arctic “Sheila Watt-Cloutier, Inuit activist.” Inuit have a traditional game of juggling. The weather today is a bit like “N. Attungala.
– ” Africa seems to bear the brunt of the impactsof climate change, although it has some of the lowest rates of greenhouse gas emissions, so we present a global ethical challenge , not only scientific and development “says a report released in the recent Convention on Climate Change and the Kyoto Protocol. “ Mount Kilimanjaro has lost 82% of its snow cover over the past eighty years old, while the Mount Kenya lost 92% in a century. expansion expands mosquito diseases and droughts endanger livestock.
-The Yanomami of the Brazilian Amazon report “Climate change has begun in our country. rains are late, the sun is behaving strangely. “ , says Davi Kopenawa spokesman Yanomami indigenous people. “Rich countries have burned and destroyed many miles of Amazon rainforest. If you cut the big trees and fire risk jungle earth dried. The world must hear the cry of the Earth, which is asking for help “.
” The elders of each village used to predict perfectly when was the best time for planting or harvesting and that only made him follow the signs of nature, now these forecasts with less and less accurate “
“We are here convinced that indigenous peoples can make important contributions. want to be taken into account for any action on mitigation and climate adaptation “ Adelphus Gegino, representative of the peoples of Mexico Mixes.
We are one – Joana Eede.
The Third Chimpanzee – Jared Diamond